What is Marijuana Use Disorder?
If you have a strong physical dependence on marijuana, you may be experiencing a marijuana use disorder. Marijuana users are often unable to function without it. Their brains adjust to the high from marijuana through changes in their endocannabinoid system. When the drug is suddenly stopped, marijuana users experience a number of withdrawal symptoms, including cravings, restlessness, and decreased appetite. Marijuana users often have to seek help to stop using the drug. marijuana card dr ny
The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, uses 11 characteristics to diagnose marijuana use disorder. To be classified as a marijuana use disorder, a person must meet at least two of the characteristics. There are six criteria for severe use of marijuana, and two for mild use. The criteria for severe use of marijuana are slightly more complicated. Nonetheless, the symptoms are easily identifiable and treatment is available.
Marijuana is a powerful psychoactive drug that can impair judgment and motor coordination. It also doubles the risk of an accident. Moreover, when mixed with alcohol, marijuana also significantly increases the risk of an accident. Marijuana is addictive, and nine percent of marijuana users will develop some type of marijuana addiction. This number increases with daily use and among younger users. When marijuana use becomes an addictive behavior, it can even lead to mental illness.
Treatment for a marijuana use disorder focuses on getting the patient to quit using the drug. This includes a comprehensive assessment of a client’s mental health and addiction history. The assessment will gather biological, psychological, and social information. Behavioral support is often employed, as well as counseling or support groups. Behavioral support is often a part of a marijuana treatment program. It is important to seek treatment for marijuana use disorder at the same time as any other mental health issue.
Although the extent of the link between genes and substance abuse is unknown, there is some evidence that a gene may play a role. Researchers have linked a genetic variation in CNR1 and CNR2 receptors with the development of marijuana use disorder. The extent to which CNR1 mediates reward remains unclear. In addition to genetics, there is a close link between the use of marijuana and the presence of the disorder in a family. This could be a result of a specific exposure to the substance.
Besides lowering IQ, marijuana can also lead to many mental health complications. Marijuana use is associated with depression, anxiety, and even psychotic episodes, so it can affect athletic performance. Marijuana can also decrease coordination, which may interfere with driving. Drivers under the influence of marijuana may also have difficulty detecting road sounds and braking, and their reactions may be delayed or impaired. In some cases, marijuana use may even lead to death.
The effects of marijuana withdrawal are similar to those associated with alcohol or Heroin withdrawal, but are more severe. Chronic marijuana users who suddenly stop using the drug experience depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Marijuana withdrawal symptoms may last from two to four weeks. Fortunately, inpatient treatment for marijuana use disorder patients can help them cope with the effects of marijuana withdrawal. Unlike alcohol or heroin, marijuana withdrawal symptoms can be relieved with medical detoxification.